காயத்ரி மந்திர அர்த்தம்

ஸ்ரீ காயத்ரி மந்த்ரம்

மஹாவ்யாஹ்ருதி:

ஓம் பூ: ஓம் புவ: ஓகும் ஸுவ: ஓம் மஹ: ஓம் ஜன: ஓம் தப: ஓகும்

ஸத்யம்

Om is bhuh,etc., i.e. the seven spheres of existence, beginning with the physical(bhuh)- I K Taimni in “GAYATRI” The Theosophical Publishing House.

 

Chaandogya Upanishad on Om, the Pranava:

 

Prajaapati meditated on the worlds and from the result of meditation extracted their essence, namely, Agni from Prithvi (physical world), Vaayu from Antariksha (astral world) and Aditya from Svarga (mental world).

 

He meditated on the three divinities, Agni, Vaayu and Aaditya and from the results of meditation extracted their essence namely  Rig(Veda) from Agni, Yajur(Veda) from Vaayu and Saama(Veda) from Aaditya.

 

He meditated on the three fold knowledge (the three Vedas) and from the results of meditation, extracted its essence, namely,  bhuh (the first mahaa vyaahruthi)from the Rig (Veda), bhuvah (the second mahaa vyaahruthi)from the Yajur (Veda) and Svah (the third mahaa vyaahruthi)from the Saama (Veda).

 

Then he reflected on these letters (mahaa vyaahrutis). From the result of this reflection was born Om. As veins pervade all leaves, so Om pervades all Vaak (Sound). Verily all this is Om. Verily all this is Om.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

காயத்ரி மந்த்ரம்

ரிக்வேதம் ஸூக்தம் 3 மண்டலம் 62ல் பத்தாவது மந்த்ரம்

 

ஓம் தத்ஸவிதுர் வரேண்யம் ர்க்கோ தேவஸ்ய தீமஹி

தீமஹி தியோ யோன: ப்ரசோதயாத்

 

யார் நம்முடைய அறிவினைத் தூண்டுகிறாரோ அந்த சிறந்த ஒளியான கடவுளின் ஜோதி ஸ்வரூபத்தை த்யானம் செய்வோம்.

 

We meditate upon the Divine Light of that adorable Sun of spiritual consciousness which stimulates our power of spiritual perception.  )- I K Taimni in “GAYATRI” The Theosophical Publishing House.

 

It is a call of the individual to the Universal Being, the source and goal of his life. It is a caal for enlightenment of the highest kind, for that knowledge which will make him realize his Oneness with Him who is the source of all knowledge, power and bliss. There can be no desire, no ambition, no aspiration higher than this.

 

Sun as Savita is meditated upon in this mantra.  What science does not know, and what is amazing does not care to know, is that the Sun is not only the centre and source of physical life and but also of life in all its aspects, physical, emotional, mental and spiritual.  Within the physical sun and interpenetrating the solar system are hidden subtler worlds of unimaginable splendor and power and all these worlds are the expressions or bodies of a mighty Being whom we call the Suryanarayana, or the Solar Logos. All powers are derived from His power. All forms of consciousness are limited expressions of His consciousness. We, literally, ‘live, move and have our being in Him’.

 

Yaajnavalkya Samhitaa:  The Spiritual Light which is hidden within the Sun is the most excellent light.  It is shining through the hearts of all living creatures in the form of consciousness. The Spiritual Light which is shining within the physical sun also shines within the heart of every being. This Light is more brilliant than Fire or comet. The Light which is shining in the heart of all jivas in the form of consciousness is also shining through the universe in the form of the Heavenly Man and making it a living organism.

 

Isavaasyopanishad : O Lord ! who maintains and nourishes all, who dispenses justice, who art dear to Prajaapati, be pleased to withdraw the rays of Thy external light so that I may be able to see Thy most auspicious form (Thy real nature). The Reality that Thou art, the same am I.

 

A mantra which is used frequently for prificatory purposes involves a complex idea and carries the mind of the aspirant to a higher level of thought.

Om, tad visnoh paramam padam sadaa

                   Pasyanti suuraayah diviiva caksur aatamam.

 

                   ‘That highest abode of Vishnu, always the wise men see,

                   As an eye spread in heaven’.

 

In this mantra, the Lord has to be conceived as the all-pervading Consciousness, that supreme state of Truth, Knowledge and Bliss  which the yogi comes in contact when he attains Self-realization.

 

We, of course, know that this is not a state which can be comprehended by the ordinary human mind. It is  a state which is known to the siddha-purusha  or the perfected man. But the mere effort to direct the mind to that supreme state which is hidden within our own heart raises its tone and brings about an influx of forces from that plane into the mind.

 

There is a law which all aspirants need to understand thoroughly: An immediate relationship is established between the mind and what it thinks of and this mysterious contact of varying degrees brings about a flow of force into the mind which makes it more and more like the object of thought.

 

There is a famous mantra in the Chaandogyapanishad  (III.14.1) which means: “Man is a creature of reflection, whatever he reflects upon in this life, he becomes the same hereafter; therefore should he reflect upon the Brahman.”

 

So by merely thinking of that supreme state, even though we may not know of it, we temporarily establish our indirect and partial contact with it, draw force and inspiration from it, and draw nearer to it. What the beginner has to do, temporarily, at the time of worship that is, direct the mind to that state, the advanced aspirant has to do continuously (in japa, smarana, or bhaavanaa) until he also attains Self-realization and like the Wise Ones ‘sees’ that state directly and indirectly.

 

The simile “ as an eye spread in heaven” hints at three profound acts regarding that state:

  1. It is a matter of actual seeing or perceiving and not fancying or imagining.
  2. The vision is unobstructed, nothing is hidden in view, there is awareness of everything.
  3. There is simultaneity or knowing everything at the same time.

It is a synthetic vision, seeing everything at the same time as from an aeroplane and not seeing one thing after another, as from a train.  

 

காயத்ரிஶிர:

ஓம் ஆபோ ஜ்யோதி ரஸோ அம்ருதம் ப்ரஹ்ம பூர் புவஸ் ஸுவர் ஓம்

 

Om is the Waters, Light, Essence, the Immortal, Reality; the physical, intermediate and heaven worlds is Om.

– I K Taimni in “GAYATRI” The Theosophical Publishing House.

 

காயத்ரீ என்ற சந்தஸ் வடிவமாக அமைந்த அரிய மந்திரம் இது. மந்திரத்துக்கு ஒலி வடிவம், அக்ஷர வடிவம், தேவதா வடிவம் மூன்று உண்டு. செவியால் கேட்கத்தக்க ஒலியைக் கண்ணால் காண அக்ஷரம் அமைந்திருப்பது போல், மந்திரத்தை உச்சரித்தவுடன் அந்த மந்திரத்தினால் கூறப்படும் தெய்வத்தின் உருவம் தோன்றுகிறது (மீமாம்ஸா சாஸ்திரம்).

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